Buddha Shakyamuni is the fourth Buddha of this fortunate a on. As he has realized the potential of his inner being and has removed al the obscurations and has developed all the positive qualities, he is called a Buddha, a fully awakened one. Of countless Buddhas who have appeared and will continue to appear on this earth, Buddha Shakyamuni was the one who regenerated the teachings of enlightened beings for our present era.
Shakyamuni Buddha was born in Kapilvastu in Nepal some 2600 years ago. And preformed many Buddha activities for 45 years in this Indian subcontinent for the benefit of all sentient beings. His most outstanding deed was the teaching which shows the path to liberation from suffering of birth and death and supreme enlightment of Buddha hood. This is symbolized by Dharmacakra mudra of the Buddha. Buddha Shakyamuni out of compassion for all sentient beings taught many different kinds of teachings mostly sutras and tantras to suit the varing degrees of intelligence of his disciples.
All the sutra and tantra teachings of the Buddha Shakyamuni said to be the means of liberations or the path leading to the Buddha hood. According to Swayambhu purana, Buddha Shakyamuni also visited the Swayambhu Chaitya and delivered the teaching on the origin of Swayambhu Stupa upon the request of Bodhisattva Maitreya.
The images of Buddha Shakyamuni can be found in large numbers carved in various materials like stones, metals, clayware, or in paintings or other forms. He is depicted in various postures. Most popular Buddha image found in Nepal is in Bhumispara mudra i.e. earth touching gesture with yellow robe. He ha Usnisha, or the crown of the head, Urnakosha between eyebrows and long lobed ears. He is golden in color; he has 32 major and 80 minor marks of Sambhogakaya Buddha. He is always seen with pinda patra (alms bowl) over the hand and lap. He can also be seen in vitarka mudra, dhyana mudra, dharmacakramudra and other mudras.